The National Council for Curriculum Assessment (NaCCA) has signaled that some critical features in the new Educational Reform are to be implemented soonest in Ghana Educational System.
These reforms are structured under what was termed “Kindergarten (KG) to SHS New Curriculum” of Key Programmes.
In the first four years of high school education, learners are to take a Common Core Programme that focuses on a set of high, internationally benchmarked career and tertiary education standards.
Learners need to acquire these for post-secondary education, the workplace, or both. The standards explain what learners are expected to know, comprehend and be able to put to practice by focusing on their social, emotional, cognitive and physical development. The Common Core Program runs from Basic 7 through Basic 10.
The common core attributes of the learner, which describe the essential outcomes in the three domains of learning (i.e. cognitive, psychomotor and affective), are at the centre of the Common Core Programs Inspired by the values which are important to the Ghanaian society, the Common Core Program provides an education of the heart, mind and hands in relation to on the learner’s lifetime values, well-being, physical development, psychological development and problem solving skills.
Ultimately, this will produce character minded learners who can play active roles in dealing with the increasing challenges facing country Ghana and the global society.
NaCCA has layed down some new areas in the educational system.
These Key Programmes include:
- Primary Years Programme (PYP). This comprises of Kindergarten (KG) to Primary six (6).
- Common Core Programme (CCP). This starts from Basic 7 to Basic 10. The current system has Basic 7 to Basic 9. This means that, when the new curriculum is implemented, learners/pupils in Junior High Schools will have to attend school for four years, thus: JHS 1 to JHS 4.
- High School Diploma Programme (HDP). The High School Diploma Programme will start from Basic 11 to Basic 12. This means that, one qualifies for High Diploma Programme Certificate after completing Basic 12.
- Career-Related Programme (CRP). The Career-Related Programme also starts from Basic 11 to Basic 12. Note: In the new curriculum to be implemented, “Basic” as currently used will be changed to “Grade”. Example; Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 6 instead of Basic 1, Basic 2, Basic 3 etc. The new curriculum will also have an assessment called “National Gateway Test” for every two years of learning starting from Grade 1 to Grade 12. Senior High School students will now undergo an External Assessment which would be done at Grade 12.
After this programme, students are likely to receive Diploma Certificate as the certification of the KG to SHS course.
The current class 6 pupils are going to be pioneers for this change.